Additional Publications

Publication: Policy Brief on How to reconcile the EU border paradox? The concurrence of refugee reception and deterrence 

The refugee crisis that unfolded in Europe in the summer of 2015 questions the effectiveness of European border and refugee policies. The breakdown of the Dublin and Schengen rules due to chaotic situations at the borders in the Balkans marks a critical juncture for the EU. We consider this breakdown as a consequence of a long-lasting co-operation crisis among EU Member States. The most recent Council decision responds to this co-operation crisis (Council Decision 12098/15). This Policy Brief analyses EU policy and politics and argues that plans for refugee relocation and reception centres as well as the use of qualified majority voting in the Council can unfold a dynamic that helps to solve the co-operation crisis. However, underlying the problems of co-operation and effectiveness is the EU’s border paradox: while EU border policy works towards refugee deterrence, EU asylum policy aims at refugee protection. The EU’s approach in regulating borders and asylum can be understood in terms of ‘organised hypocrisy’ (Brunsson, 1993). Reconciling the paradox calls for overcoming such hypocrisy.

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Publication on "Whose Mare? Rule of law challenges in the field of European border surveillance in the Mediterranean"

This paper examines key developments in the field of European border surveillance in the Mediterranean. By asking, ‘Whose Mare?’, we focus on rule of law challenges stemming from these developments in a post-Lisbon EU. The developments examined are the Italian Navy-led Mare Nostrum operation, the debates over European ‘exit strategies’ for this operation and the ensuing launch of the Frontex Triton joint operation (JO). The recently adopted Regulation on Frontex sea border surveillance operations is also presented as a key development to understand the rule of law challenges. Moreover, the adoption of the European Union Maritime Security Strategy (MSS) and the development of several maritime surveillance systems in the EU highlight that a wide range of actors seeks authority over this field.

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SOURCE Article - Testing societal security at the border: the case of Lampedusa

Abstract: In response to the growing societal anxieties concentrating on immigrants and asylum seekers entering the Schengen Area, the external border of Schengenland was established and progressively reinforced to limit uncontrolled immigration to the EU. However, looking closely at one of the most iconic portion of this border – the tiny Italian island of Lampedusa - one is left with the impression that it does not really address any of the security demands for which it was officially established. From a societal security analytical perspective, an analysis of the most empirical features of the working of Europe’s external border in Lampedusa brings to light a contradiction between the security of the population within it and the safety of those individuals trying to cross it.

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